How to Mushroom farming in India without soil

Hello Friends, I am Amit Singh. Welcome to the agriculture exam. How to succeed in mushroom farming.  Today we will learn how mushroom farming is done in India.  you will come to know about all the stages of mushroom farming.  

 We can start mushroom farming at a very low cost.  Some people think that mushroom farming costs a lot of money.  But it does not require much money.  We can start it at Rs 5000 only. 


How to Mushroom farming in India without soil

How to Mushroom farming in India without soil
Mushroom farming is a type of farming that we can also do indoors.  We can also do it under the tree.  For mushroom farming, we need a house and a water tank and a bunch of paddy straw.  Those who do not own land can easily cultivate mushrooms in a house.

 Although we do not need soil for this farming, we can still do it at home.  We can make shelves through bamboo trees and cultivate mushrooms on each shelf.


What are the basic things needed for mushroom cultivation

 For mushroom farming, we need some basic things like water tank, paddy straw bunch, plastic cover, some bamboo, a water sprayer machine, etc. 

First of all, we need a bunch of paddy straw, which has a strong stem. Then we should hold the grass on top then we should jerk the grass back and forth to get rid of the loose straw. 

 After separating the bottom and top part of the paddy straw, each bunch of paddy straw lengths should be 1.5ft or 2ft.  Now we will cut a bunch of paddy straw with 1.5 feet in length.  

What is the process of mushroom cultivation

For a bed of mushroom cultivation process, we need 10 kg of paddy straw, which means 20 bunch of paddy straw.

  So first we should separate 2 inches from the bottom of the paddy straw, after that we will need 2 feet of paddy straw from the top part.  The rest of the top of the paddy straw, we can use as fodder for cattle or as compost or fuel for clay ovens.  

Then we have to tie all the paddy straw bunches and throw them inside the water tank for 6 to 8 hours in the monsoon sessions and 10 to 12 hours in summer session.  We have to put some lime and bleaching powder in water to kill insects or germs from paddy straw.  

People can use a small water tank, big water tank, small well, or pond for shocks.  Now we will be putting a bunch of paddy straw along with some lime and bleaching.  After that, we have to place this bunch of paddy straw horizontally in plastic, so that excess water can be released from the paddy straw. 

 We need to keep this bunch of paddy straw out for 2 hours for the monsoon session and 30 minutes to 1 hour in the summer session.  Actually, we want 65% water in paddy straw.  Now we will know how the bed is prepared for mushroom cultivation.  

For a bed, we need 20 to 22 bunches of paddy straw and a bottle of mushroom seed which is 200 grams and 200 grams.  Now we will separate the mushroom seeds into 3 big parts.  

 Now we have to do it in small parts and the size should be 1 square inch.  For the monsoon session, we separate a bottle of mushroom seeds into 3 parts and for the winter session, we divide it into 4 parts.  

Now we have to separate the gram flour into 3 parts.  You can cultivate mushrooms in a small house through a rack system.  We have a rack system at Poly House.  For this, you can get a subsidy from the government. 

 As a rule, you should first keep a minimum of 6 inches between the rack and the floor/soil.  The gap between one rack to another should be 25 inches to 30 inches.  So that you can cultivate mushrooms in 4 to 5 racks.  

The bed height of mushroom farming is 20 inches.  Although we keep a bunch of paddy straw at 1.5 feet, we need to make a bed for mushroom cultivation, which is 1.5 feet by 1.5 feet.  

The first layer of paddy straw should be 6 to 9 inches in height.  Mushroom seeds should be kept on the side of the paddy straw leaving 2 inches.  The difference between the 2 mushroom seeds should be 3-4 inches. 

 We should put gram flour over the mushroom seeds.  After this layer, we should add another layer of paddy straw.  This layer should face the opposite side of the previous layer.  

Then we should follow the same procedure of placing mushroom seeds as explained in the previous layer.  After that, we should again cover the seeds with gram flour or any powder.  Now we have to keep the last layer.  

This layer should face the opposite side of the previous layer.  Now we have to apply mushroom seeds on the whole layer.  We should put another layer of straw, which we have to open so that it becomes 2 inches. 

So the total height of the bed is 20 inches.  After that, we should bake the entire bed of paddy straw.  We should wrap the paddy straw bed with a 6-foot plastic cover.  

We should cover the entire paddy straw except for the bottom so that the wind passes.  For one bed we need 20 bunch of paddy straw, 200-gram flour, 200-gram seed bottle, and 6 feet plastic cover.  

After 9 days you can see some small white spots.  This is the initial stage of mushroom.  After 9 days, the white space gradually turns black.  We do not have to splash water in the mushroom bed during the monsoon session.  


The temperature required for mushroom cultivation

How to Mushroom farming in India without soil

A mushroom bed requires a temperature of 25 to 38 degrees Celsius.  The straw requires 65% humidity.  The weather should have 85% humidity.  For the cultivation of mushrooms, we require 1000 watt lux light.  

 If proper light is not obtained by the mushroom bed, the mushroom production will be very low.  After 14 to 15 days of bed preparation, the mushroom production will begin.  

It is the 8th day of mushroom beds.  Now we will see the status of mushrooms.  Now you can see how mycelium is growing.  These are small white patch mushrooms.  This is the 9th and 10th day of bed.  

After 9 days we should remove the plastic cover.  After we remove the plastic cover, the temperature, humidity, and light are in a normal state.  

So that the mushroom can grow easily.  Now you can see the bed on the 12th day.  The white space gradually changes to black.  In the monsoon sessions, we do not have to spray water, but in the summer sessions, we have to spray in bed 2-3 times.  

This is a sprayer machine.  Through this machine, we have to sprinkle water in the mushroom bed.  Production will be started after 13 to 14 days.  

We can produce mushrooms in 2 to 3 days.  After that, we have to wait a week and splash water in the bed.  80% of the mushrooms are produced in the first phase, and the rest will be produced after one week.  

Dear friends, you can learn something from this post. If you liked this post then you can share it with your friends and relatives.  If you have any questions, you can ask on our Facebook page with comments or messages. 
Thank you.

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