Mung bean and Black gram Scientific Name Facts,nutrition,

Here, I am providing very useful About mung and black gram for all competitive exams.  These are important for all competitive exams.

Mung bean or Green Gram 

Q. What is the Scientific Name of Green Gram?
Ans.  Vigna Radiata

Q. What is the family of mung?
Ans.  Leguminosae

Q. What is the Origen please of mung?
Ans.  India

Q. What is the chromosome number of moong?
Ans.  24
Green Gram

Do you know about Bengal gram

IMPORTANT Facts of mung

Green Gramm Nutrition   

The mung is called Green Gram. In its rash, 25% protein, 7% carbohydrate, 3% fat is found.

* Mung germination is E.P.G.L.

* The mung seed rate is 12-15kg / h. 

* The mung is grown in any season.

Species /variety of mung

Type -44, Jawahar, 45, Pant Mong, 1, Type-51, Sheila, Pusa Baishakhi, Pant Mong - 3,

New Developed Advanced Varieties in the last year

1995
-Jais, Tarm-1, Pusa-907, LGG-407, LGG-450

1996 - SM 721, ML 613, PDM 84-178, TARM 18
1997-- Pant Mung-4
1999 - Malviy Jyoti (HUM-1), RMG-268, K-1
2000-- Hum-2, Pusa 9531, Pusa Vishal
2006 - IPM 99-125, PDM 54
2007 - Satya (4, 2-15)

Q. What us the Compost ratio in mung?
Ans. N:P:K=20-30KG:50-60KG:30-40KG

* The average yield of the mung is 10-12Q/h.
* Summer carpet has 12-15Q/h.

The disease of mung 

* Yellow Mozac - It spreads by whitefly. Use Thayodan 0.1% or 0.1% matasistaks for control.

*Leaf spot - use Zineb 0.2% for control.

Insects of mung

  • Bihar heyari, 
  • Caterpillar, 
  • semtleruck, 
  • tobacco's caterpillar, etc.  
Note-Use thayodan 0.15% for control.


Black gram or Urd bean Urd Crops 

Q. What is the Scientific Name of black gram?
Ans. Vigna mungo

Q. What is the family of Black gram?  
 Ans. Leguminosae

Q.What is the chromosome number of moong?
Ans.  22 or 24

Q. What is the Origen please of mung?            Ans. India
black gram
Read about pea click here

Black Gram Nutrition

* In urd,  24% protein,  60% carbohydrate, 13% fat is found.

* 75-90 °F temperatures need to increase.

Advanced Varieties Of Black gram or urad

  • Type 9, 
  • Type 27, 
  • Pusa 1, 
  • Mash 48, 
  • Gwalior 2, 
  • Ujjain 4, 
  • Pant urd 25, 
  • Pant U, 
  • 26,19 etc.
Compost 
N P K :: 220-30:400-50:30-40 Kg/h

Black Gram Cultivation

  • The crop is ready after sowing 90-100 days. 
  • The pure crop yield is 10-15Q/h and 6-8Q/h in the mixed crop.

The disease of Black Gram 


* Yellow Mozac - It spreads by whitefly. 
  • Note-Use Thayodan 0.1% or 0.1% matasistaks for control.
*Leaf spot - use Zineb 0.2% for control.

Insects of Black Gram

  • Bihar heyari, 
  • Caterpillar, 
  • semtleruck, 
  • tobacco's caterpillar etc.  
Note-Use thayodan 0.15% for control.



Comments

Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box.