Ground nut Important Questions scientific name

What type of plants are peanuts?

The groundnut, also known as peanut and monkey nut. This is a member of the legume family. This is important to both small and large commercial producers.



                              




Do peanuts add nitrogen to soil?
Peanut is a plant of legume family so legume family plants improve the soil by adding nitrogen. all legume plants take nitrogen from the atmosphere and fix it into the soil by root.


Do peanuts grow in the ground?

Peanuts are legume, not nuts. people surprised that peanuts do not grow on trees. 
The peanut plant is unsexual because it flowers upper the plant but peanut growth below the ground.




Why do plants need fertilizer?

Plants need fertilizer for optimum growth.plants are made of 95% parts by carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.whose plants are obtained by air and water.

What fertilizer is organic?

All those fertilizer obtained by natural means which contain all those elements which are necessary for plant growth.





Botanical name--Arachis hypogaea
Family- Fabaceae
Origen place-brazil or south America
Chromosome number- 40



Important points of peanut


* Credit is being given to Jenu's father to bring peanut in India which came to India after Vaskodigama.

* The most production peanut in India is in Gujarat.

* Peanut is called Teanut, Earthnut, Manilanut.

About peanut Plants---


* This self-pollinated is crop.

* 45% oil in peanut, 10.2% carbohydrate is found.

* 7-8% nitrogen is found in peanut grains.

* Vitamin E, phosphorus, iron, and calcium are found in peanut.

* Arachis Hypozia cultivated in India.

* peanut germination is 14-15 ℃ and for an increase and development on 21-26.5 ℃ temperature.

* In the bunch peanut  75-80% grains is founded.

*  In spread peanut 60-65% grains is found.

* The amount of oil in the sluggish peanut is more than the relatively spreading variety.

* Deodorant in peanut oil is caused by auxy.

* Seed rate of peanut is 60-80kg/h spread variety and 85-100 kg/h is in the sluggish peanut.

* Using sulfur in oil crops, the amount of oil increases.

* Pegging in peanut is 55-60 days after sowing.

* The peanut cake was eaten by an animal, the milk is 35% increases.



Advanced species ---


spread peanut variety-- Chandra, Type 64, Type 26 TMV 1, TMV 3, M 13, M 37,etc.

Sluggish variety-- Jyoti, Kuver, Peanut Haryana 10, JL 24,etc.


Peanut disease--


Tikka disease is growth by two fungus.

1. Cercospora personata

2. Cercospora archdicola


This is a soil born disease. For control use resistance variety T 64,TMV 6, TMV 10

YIELD

Average production  of The crop  groundnut is 10-12Q/h


know More about soybean  click here
Ground nut Important Questions scientific name Ground nut Important Questions scientific name Reviewed by Amit singh on November 11, 2019 Rating: 5

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