Ground nut Important Questions scientific name

Practice these selected questions for competitive exam with Ground nut Important Questions.  These questions are very important for any type of agriculture competitive examination.

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What type of plants are peanuts?

The groundnut, also known as peanut and monkey nut. This is a member of the legume family. This is important to both small and large commercial producers.


Do peanuts fixed nitrogen to soil?

Peanut is a plant of legume family so legume family plants improve the soil by adding nitrogen. all legume plants take nitrogen from the atmosphere and fix it into the soil by root.

Do peanuts grow in the ground?

Peanuts are legume, not nuts. people surprised that peanuts do not grow on trees. 
The peanut plant is unsexual because it flowers upper the plant but peanut growth below the ground.

Why do plants need fertilizer?

Plants need fertilizer for optimum growth.plants are made of 95% parts by carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.whose plants are obtained by air and water.

What  is organic fertilizer?

All those fertilizer obtained by natural means which contain all those elements which are necessary for plant growth.

What is the Botanical name of peanuts?

Ans. Arachis hypogaea

What is the Family of peanuts?

Ans. Fabaceae

What is the Origen place of peanuts?

Ans. brazil or south America

What is the Chromosome number of peanuts?

Ans. 40

Important points of peanut

* Credit is being given to Jenu's father to bring peanut in India which came to India after Vaskodigama.

* The most production peanut in India is in Gujarat.

* Peanut is called Teanut, Earthnut, Manilanut.

* This self-pollinated is crop.

* 45% oil in peanut, 10.2% carbohydrate is found.

* 7-8% nitrogen is found in peanut grains.

* Vitamin E, phosphorus, iron, and calcium are found in peanut.

* Arachis Hypozia cultivated in India.

* peanut germination is 14-15 ℃ and for an increase and development on 21-26.5 ℃ temperature.

* In the bunch peanut  75-80% grains is founded.

*  In spread peanut 60-65% grains is found.

* The amount of oil in the sluggish peanut is more than the relatively spreading variety.

* Deodorant in peanut oil is caused by auxy.

* Seed rate of peanut is 60-80kg/h spread variety and 85-100 kg/h is in the sluggish peanut.

* Using sulfur in oil crops, the amount of oil increases.

* Pegging in peanut is 55-60 days after sowing.

* The peanut cake was eaten by an animal, the milk is 35% increases.

Advanced species/variety of ground nut or peanuts

Spread peanut variety-- Chandra, Type 64, Type 26 TMV 1, TMV 3, M 13, M 37,etc.

Sluggish variety-- Jyoti, Kuver, Peanut Haryana 10, JL 24,etc.

Major disease of Peanut 

Tikka disease is growth by two fungus.

1. Cercospora personata
2. Cercospora archdicola

This is a soil born disease. For control use resistance variety T 64,TMV 6, TMV 10

Yield of ground nut 

Average production  of The crop  groundnut is 10-12Q/h

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