All You Need To Know About Bengal Gram

These are important Bengal Gram GK questions for all competitive exams.  Here, I am providing very useful Bengal Gram GK questions with answers for all competitive exams. Practice with these selective Bengal Gram GK questions for competitive exams.  

These questions are very important for any type of competitive examination. For more practice, you can also read these Bengal Gram GK questions and answers to score in your exam. 

Bengal gram


Bengal Gram GK questions

Also Read About Mung bean and Black gram

What is Gram?

Gram, known as Bengal Gram or Chickpea.it is a member of Fabaceae family subfamily Papilionaceae. it is important to pulse, Due to its nutritional properties.




The important point of gram or Bengal Gram-


* According to D Kandol (1884) Bengal gram origin place in India.

* The most of the world is the production of 80% in India.   
            
*In the Bengal Gram leaf, the sour is due to malic or oxalic acid.

* Bengal Gram is a self-pollinated crop.

*In the Bengal gram, 55-150 beans found each plant.

* The  Bengal gram is cold weather crop while the high temperature is required for the germination.

* In the fields of a plane, the sowing of the Bengal gram is more productive than doing in the second week of October or third week.

* 70-80kg/hectare seed is used for early or timely sowing and 90-100 kg seeds/hectares on late sowing.

* India's average crop intensity is 135-136%.

* The first irrigation in the Bengal gram after 30 days of the sowing, the second irrigation 55-60 days after flowering time.

* If there is one irrigation available in the Bengal gram, it Should be at the time when the flowering.

* Nipping -breaking to top leaves of 15-20cm in Bengal gram is called Nipping.

* Use the tribunal chemical for weed control in the Bengal gram.

                  
    *  Botanical Name- Cicer arietinum L.

    Family- Leguminaceae/Fabaceae

    Subfamily- Papilionaceae

    Chromosome No. -

    Deshi-  cicer arietinum, 2n=14,.

    Kabuli- cicer kabuliyam 2n=16 & 24.

    *Origin place- South-East Europe or south-west Asia.

  • Advanced varieties of Bengal gram       1. K 468 - Crop period is 155 days, yield 30-32 Q / ha, plant height 60-80 cm, pink flowers, suitable for entire UP and resistant to growth.

    2. K  850-- Crop period 145 -150 cm, the height of plants 40-60 cm, plant growing, flower color purple, seeds larger red and brown; Suitable for all Uttar Pradesh.                                               
    New Year Advanced varieties in the last year.                                                                      1993 --- BC-329, Pusa-372, HICCV-2 (Kabul) 1994 - Fule G-12, 81-1-1 (Vijay); Pragati (K-3256)
    1995--GNG-663, GPF-2, Pusa-262, GNG-663
                                                                                   1996--KKR-108, GNG-469, KGD-1168, VISHAL, JG-218,
                                                                                      1997--PDG-4, GPF-133, Pant chana-186
                                                                                       1999-Pusa kabuli-1003, JC-11, DGD-72, CO-3, CO-4
                                                                                         2000-- BG-1053, GCP-105, GUJRAT CHANA-4, HARIYANA CHANA-3                                 
    Note- (i) Ajay - More than 2 or 3 grains per fruit;  The rash is resistant to medium to thick yellow color, pickle, blight virus and caller rot. The average yield is 140 to 150 days. The average yield is 20 to 30 quintals per hectare.                                                      (ii) Gaurav-Thick warp, leaves wide and deep green, maturity medium, a rare thick little yellow, crop period 150-107 days,  yield 25-30 Quintal per hectare.                                                                                   
    2. Kabuli Varieties-
    (i) K 4-- Crop period 165 days, flowers white, seed round, white color plant long and yield 12-15 Quintal hectare.                                                                                                                           
    (ii) K 5-- Crop straight one to 70 days, seed green, round taleto plate spreading 12-15 quintal per hectare.                                                                                                                     
                                        

    The disease of gram--

    1-Rust--
    This disease seems to be a fungus called Uromyces Fabae. It should increase it to prevent disease. Sprinkle 2.5 kg Dythne M-45 or Dythen Z-78 to 1000 liters of water/hectare at the rate of dynamic water.                                                                                               
    2-- Wilt-- This disease seems to be a fungus called fusiary oxycosphere. Resistant species- GO O 14, CO235, Pusa 209, and GO2                                                             
    3-- Blight--This disease seems to be fungalized. it is a sedimentary disease. Resistant species-C-2, G. O543, PG.114, PBG-1, L-550.   
    Insect--
    Cutworm--
    Cutworm insect of the gram. Caterpillars of this insect very harmful. Caterpillars cut the grain of beans. For the prevention of fruit piercing, for control spraying 0.25% carborile.                                                                                                                                       
    2.Pod borer of a gram-- For this, use Indosalphon 35 EC 1.25 Litre or qunolfus 25 EC 1.25 or monocrotophos 36EC                                                                    
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