Pigeon pea/ Black gram(Points)

These are important Pigeon pea/Arhar
 GK questions for all competitive exams.  Here, I am providing very useful Pigeon pea/Arhar
 GK questions with answers for all competitive exams. Practice with these selective Pigeon pea/Arhar GK questions for competitive exams.  

These questions are very important for any type of competitive examination. For more practice, you can also read these Pigeon pea/Arhar GK questionsand answers to score in your exam. 

black gram pigeon pea

Important points of  Pigeon pea/Arhar

Botanical name - Cajanus Cazan
family - Febeceae or legyuminaceae
Chromosoma - 22
Origen place- Africa

Note- Arhar/Black gram is divided in two-part based on a variety

1. Cajanus indicas variety- (baikola)--- It is a late variety.  The height of the plants is high and 4 to 6 seeds are found in 1 pod.

2. Cajanus indica variety-(flavus)--It is an earlier variety.  The plant is small and 2-3 seeds are found in 1 pod.

Q. What should be the climate for pigeonpea / pigeon?

Arhar requires moist and humid weather, its cultivation is sown in the Kharif season.

Q. What should be the soil for pigeonpea / pigeon?

Arhar can grow in all types of land, but for good production, loam or sandy loam variety and good drainage land is suitable.

Advanced varieties of Arhar/pigeon pea

 In these varieties of Arhar should be grown like Upas-120, Pant A-3, Prabhat, Manak, Pus Ageti, Mukta, Basant, Bahar, Sagar, Pus-84, Lakshmi, etc.

Q. What is the Seed rate of Arhar/black gram?

Keeping 10-12 kg seeds per hectare for Arhar.

Q. What is the proper distance to pigeonpea / black gram?

For a good yield of pigeon, keep the distance from seed to seed 60 × 30 cm.

Q. What amount of fertilizer does tur /Arhar require?

N: P: K - 20: 80: 40 for the best ratio for Arhar crops production

Diseases caused of Arhar

  For control use Copper oxychloride 3 kg per Sprinkle hectares on the crop.

2. Wilt disease

This fungus is called fusarium oxisporium, veriety udam

For control 

  (i) Change the crop cycle.
 (ii) Bavistin 2.5 gm drug per kg Do seed treatment.
 (iii) Arhar should be grown with sorghum.
(iv)   Mukta- This is a particularly restrictive variant.

3. Canker disease in pigeon pea- This disease is caused by fungi and fungi, to prevent this, a chemical called Ditham M-45 is used.

Insects of Arhar/pigeon pea-

1.  Fruit borer of arhar

 For control use indosulfan (35 E.C.)

 1.25 liters / hectare or phosphomidan (85 EC) Spray 400 ml / ha.।

*  resistant varieties should be grown eg Karuna, Pus Kisan, RLM-514

Production of Arhar/pigeon pea-

 Yield of Arhar ratio 
Wood 50-60 quintal/hectare, Grain 15- 20 Qu/ ha.

Pigeon pea One Liner 

* Arhar is known as Red gram and Pigeon Pea.

* Arhar is second in pulses production after filtering.

* The maximum amount of pigeon pea in the world is cultivated in India.

* It is most production in Uttar Pradesh in India.

* The pigeon pea is told in two parts depending on the color and size and ripening.

* There are 10 floral hermaphrodites in Arhar.

* For germination 0-25℃ and crops 30-35℃ temperature should be required 

* The seed rate of pigeon is 12-15 kg /h

* Grains are found to be 70%.

* The ratio of grain and wood in arhar is 1-6: 8.

* Arhar is also used to raise lac insects. It contains up to 20.9% protein.

The entire area of ​​pigeon pea is about 12% of the total area of ​​pulses in our country, but the production is 17-18% of the total pulses production.

also read: about pea crops click here


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