(top)Secrets About Pea that nobody will tell you


Peas are the crop of which family. I tell you top  secrets about a pea.here you know pea scientific name and disease of pea Important questions Pea crops Or pigeon pea

pea disease and their plant


Important points of pea


 Botanical Name - Payasam Sativam

 Family -Fabaceae


 Chromosome-14


 Place of Origin - Ethiopia or West India


Green pea

 Climate for peas-

 The cultivation of peas requires moist and humid weather so that it is cultivated during the Rabi season.


 Land for pea cultivation.

 Pea cultivation can be varied in all types of land but for good production, loam or sandy loam variety and good drainage land is suitable.




Advanced Varieties-

(Table pea variety)

Arcal --- This is European early variety. The mysteries are sweet. 55-65 days of sowing after the beans become breaking.

*Bonville- this variety is brought from America. Beans become breaking the 80-85 days after the sowing. The overall yield is 130-140 quintal/hectare.

Jawahar Matar - its legumes become breaking up after 65-75 days of sowing. This is the medium-term variety. The length of the lapses are 7-8 cm and 5-8 grain in each pod. The yield of the average beans is 85-90 quintal/hectare.

Variety of field pea-


Rachana (162 × T. 10)--This variety has been developed by Chandra Shekhar Azad Agriculture and Pradhanics, Kanpur. This variety is resistant to the powdery mildew. It gets ready after 120-130 days. Average yield 25-30 quintal/hectare.

2. Swarn Rekha--This variety has been develop by selection in Bihar. It is ready after showing 120 days. its grain has round, smooth and creamy color. The grain is 15-20 quintal and beans 100-120 quintal/hectare.


Disease of pea--

1. Powdery mildew--

This disease occurs from the fungus called Erysiphe Polygon. This disease seems to most in the moist weather. 3-kilogram soluble sulfuric salters for its control: Illusus or sulvesx sprinkle in 1000 liters of water/hectare.


2. Rust -

This disease seems to be from the fungus called Uromyces Fabae. To prevent the pathogenic variety should be grown. For its prevention, spray the 2.5 kilograms of Dythen M-45 or Dythen Z-78 to 1000 liters of water/hectare.

Seed rate--

For pea cultivation, 80 to 100 kg of seeds per hectare are kept.


 Transplanting

 For a good yield of peas, the distance from seed to seed is 30 * 5 cm.




 Compost of pea--

 N: P: K - 20: 50: 20.




Insects of pea-


 1. Fruit borer -For control use Indosulfan (35 EC)
      1.25 liters / hectare or  phosphomidan (85 EC)
 Spray 400 ml / ha.




 Yield--

 Pod 80-120 quintal / hectare

 Grain 15 20 q / ha
also read: about gram click here



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